Making a Difference, One Person at a Time.
Middle School Signs
Very slow in acquiring reading skills. Reading is slow and awkward
Trouble reading unfamiliar words, often making wild guesses because he cannot sound out the word
Doesn’t seem to have a strategy for reading new words
Avoids reading out loud
Searches for a specific word and ends up using vague language, such as “stuff” or “thing” a lot, without
naming the object?
Pauses, hesitates, and/or uses lots of “umm’s” when speaking
Confuses words that sound alike, such as saying “tornado” for “volcano,” substituting “lotion” for “ocean”
Mispronunciation of long, unfamiliar, or complicated words
Seems to need extra time to respond to questions.
Activities and Life
Trouble with remembering dates, names, telephone numbers, random lists
Has trouble finishing tests on time
Extreme difficulty learning a foreign language
Low self-esteem that may not be immediately visible
Spells the same word differently in the same homework assignment.
Struggles with writing assignments
Struggles to fit in
Source: Overcoming Dyslexia © Sally E. Shaywitz, M.D.
Excellent thinking skills: conceptualization, reasoning, imagination, abstraction.
Learning through meaning rather than rote memorization.
Ability to get the “big picture”.
A high level of understanding of what is read to him.
The ability to read and to understand a highly practiced word in a special area of interest or hobby.
Improvement as an area of interest becomes more specialized and focused, when he develops a miniature vocabulary that he can read.
A surprisingly sophisticated listening vocabulary.
Excellence in areas not dependent on reading, such as math, computers, and visual arts, or excellence in more conceptual subjects, such as philosophy, biology, social studies, and creative writing.