Making a Difference, One Person at a Time.
High School/Adult Signs
A childhood history of reading and spelling difficulties
While reading skills have developed over time, reading still requires great effort and is done at a slow pace
Rarely reads for pleasure
Slow reading of most materials books, manuals, subtitles in films
Avoids reading aloud
May need someone to explain punch lines and humor
Has difficulty understanding proverbs and puns.
Not fluent, not glib, often anxious while speaking
Often pronounces the names of people and places incorrectly; trips over parts of words
Difficulty remembering names of people and places; confuses names that sound alike
Struggles to retrieve words; has the “it was on the tip of my tongue” moment frequently
Rarely has a fast response in conversations and/or writing; struggles when put on the spot
Spoken vocabulary is smaller than listening vocabulary
Avoids saying words that might be mispronounced
Earlier oral language difficulties persist
Has difficulty expressing himself
Has difficulty sharing what he knows, getting to the point or supporting an argument
Has difficulty communicating in a logical, organized manner.
Activities and Life
Despite good grades, will often say that she is dumb or is concerned that peers think that she is dumb
Penalized by multiple-choice tests
Frequently sacrifices social life for studying
Suffers extreme fatigue when reading
Performs rote clerical tasks poorly
Lacks a sense of direction
May continue to confuse left and right
May have trouble reading charts and graphs
May have trouble with spatial concepts and activities such and driving and navigation.
May struggle to learn a foreign language.
Source: Overcoming Dyslexia © Sally E. Shaywitz, M.D.
The maintenance of strengths noted in the school-age period
A high learning capability
A noticeable improvement when given additional time on multiple-choice examinations
Noticeable excellence when focused on a highly specialized area, such as medicine, law, public policy, finance, architecture, or basic science
Excellence in writing if content and not spelling are important
A noticeable articulateness in the expression of ideas and feelings
Exceptional empathy and warmth, and feeling for others
Success in areas not dependent on rote memory
A talent for high-level conceptualization and the ability to come up with original insights
Inclination to think outside of the box
A noticeable resilience and ability to adapt