Making a Difference, One Person at a Time.
Grade School Signs
Kindergarten and First Grade
- Reading errors that show no connection to the sounds of the letters on the page–will say “puppy” instead of the written word “dog” on an illustrated page with a dog shown.
- Does not understand that words come apart
- Complains about how hard reading is, or “disappearing” when it is time to read
- A history of reading problems in parents or siblings.
- Cannot sound out even simple words like cat, map, nap.
- Does not associate letters with sounds, such as the letter b with the “b” sound
Activities and Life
- If you ask for a spoon, your child hands you a fork.
- Struggles with learning and naming numbers and the alphabet.
- Difficulty attaching labels to objects and symbols.
- Difficulty following directions- you ask your child to get his coat and shoes and he only brings a coat.
- Trouble following lengthy directions, may only hear the first and the last part.
Needs frequents reminders to follow rules and routines
Second Grade and Up Reading
- Very slow in acquiring reading skills. Reading is slow and awkward
- Trouble reading unfamiliar words, often making wild guesses because he cannot sound out the word
- Doesn’t seem to have a strategy for reading new words
- Avoids reading out loud
- Searches for a specific word and ends up using vague language, such as “stuff” or “thing” a lot, without naming the object?
- Pauses, hesitates, and/or uses lots of “umm’s” when speaking
- Confuses words that sound alike, such as saying “tornado” for “volcano,” substituting “lotion” for “ocean”
- Mispronunciation of long, unfamiliar, or complicated words
- Seems to need extra time to respond to questions.
Activities and Life
- Trouble with remembering dates, names, telephone numbers, random lists
- Has trouble finishing tests on time
Extreme difficulty learning a foreign language
Low self-esteem that may not be immediately visible
Source: Overcoming Dyslexia © Sally E. Shaywitz, M.D.
A great imagination
The ability to figure things out
Eager embrace of new ideas
Excellent comprehension of stories read or told to him
Excellent thinking skills: conceptualization, reasoning, imagination, abstraction
Learning that is accomplished best through meaning rather than rote memorization
Ability to get the “big picture”
A high level of understanding of what is read to him
The ability to read and to understand at a high level highly practiced words in a special area of interest; for example, words related to a hobby
Excellence in areas other than reading, such as math, computers, and visual arts, or in subjects, such as philosophy, biology, social studies, and creative writing
An advanced listening vocabulary.